Iran's geographic diversity
Despite being known as a desert country, Iran benefits from the mountain ranges that separate various basins and plateaus. Such are, for example, the Zagros massifs and the Elbourz mountain range. The last stretching from the west to the east of the country, overlooks the Caspian Sea. It, alongside the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea, forms the entire southern boundary of Iran. The country's climate is characterized by this geographic diversity.
This tour is offered for all who dream of unveiling unspoiled beauty, off the beaten track. You start from Tabriz, perched at an altitude of over 1300 meters with a cold Mediterranean continental climate. You will cross the road, contemplating the green heights of Elbourz and spectacular views, towards the coasts that overlook the Caspian Sea. Located 28 meters below sea level, despite Iran's predominantly arid climate, the Caspian Sea is an exception with a Pontic climate all year round. You will continue to Tehran, the capital of Iran. The area where Tehran is built makes the transition between the barren desert (kavir) and the mountain range of Elbourz. The city situation, between mountains and desert basin, has an impact on the city's climate. In the northern districts, the climate benefits from a cool, semi-humid temperature. On the other hand, the southern areas of the city, almost in direct contact with the desert, are hot and dry.
Passing through the oasis of Kāchān, located in the central deserts, and mountainous villages such as Abyaneh, you will discover Isfahan which lies in the heart of the Iranian plateau and to the east of the Zagros mountains. This getaway ends with the discovery of Shiraz which is built in a plain and at the foot of Zagros with a semi-arid and pleasant climate.
Persia, on the road to empires
Iran is home to the history of the great ancient civilizations of the world. This route allows you to follow in the footsteps of great empires and admire must-see historical sites.
Tabriz, located on the Silk Road, is known for its historic bazaar as well as the Azarbaijan Museum. Ce museum is Iran's second most important archaeological museum. Strolling through the small steep streets of Kandovan, you will discover a real stone gruyere where dozens of dwellings have been built in the cavities. On the way to Anzali, you will stop in Ardebil to visit the complex attributed to Sheikh Safi al-Din. Inscribed on the World Heritage List; it is embarrassed the burial of the great ancestor of the Safavid dynasty. You will continue your discovery with a beautiful boat trip in the lagoon of Anzali and a getaway in the village of Masouleh. In Tehran you will visit the palace of Saad Abad, the residence of the Pahlavis where the Tehran Conference was held. You will also take a pleasant stroll through the alleys of the Tajrish bazaar. The National Museum which traces the history of the country from the Paleolithic to the Sassanid era will be your last contact with Tehran. On your way to Isfahan, you will discover the historic Tabatabai House, owned by a wealthy merchant. Then you will enjoy a pleasant walk in the historical and mountainous village of Abyaneh. Isfahan, the capital of Iran under the Safavid dynasty, is home of Persia's prestigious assets. Alongside world heritage sites such as the Friday Mosque, Naqsh-e Jahan Square and Chehel Sotoun Palace, as an example of a Persian garden, the city surrounds spectacular palaces, mosques and cathedrals. The historic bridges that span the Zayandeh-Roud River are one of the inseparable elements of the Isfahan landscape. On the way to Shiraz, you will admire Persepolis, the capital of the Persian Empire during the Achaemenid era. You will continue towards Naqsh-e Rustam where embraces the necropolis of the first Achaemenid emperors, Darius the Great, Xerxes, Artaxerxes I and Darius II, carved in the cliff. Your stay in Iran will be completed by discovering the city of roses and poetry. The Nasir-ol Molk Mosque, the Pink Mosque as well as the mausoleum of the romantic poet, Hafiz, admired by Goethé, await you. Don't miss the stroll through the historic Vakil Bazaar to shop for souvenirs and take away beautiful pictures of Iran!
Discover the ethnic heritages of Persia
The Persian-speaking group brings together the majority ethnicities of Iran, such as the Persians, the Kurds, the Guilakis, the Mazandaranais, the Lors, the Tats, the Baluchis. Other ethnic groups including the Azeris, Turkmens and Qashqâïs (Kachkaï) form the influential minorities of the country. The rest is for large Semitic groups, especially Arabs and Assyrians, or other Indo-European minorities like Armenians. On the road to Persia's global assets, give onto spectacular perspectives, the mosaic of ethnic groups fascinates us. The ethnicities of Persia possess the distinguished dialect, cuisine, way of life and rituals.
At each step of this tour you will be familiarized with the ethnic exclusives of Iran. While walking around Tabriz, especially in the historic city bazaar, you will touch the customs of the Turkish-speaking ethnic group. You will continue to Anzali, the cradle of the Guilakis and have the opportunity to discover the city as well as the mountainous village of Masouleh. Alongside the original staircase architecture of this village, Masouleh takes visitors back to Iran's more traditional and rural food and agrarian life that was once so important. As you drive through Tehran which embraces galleries, theaters, cafes and more modern buildings, you will unveil the dominant youthful soul. The big cities of Iran, included in the itinerary, next to the capital, are more or less characterized by this modernism. This new architecture of the Iranian renaissance brings them closer together and distinguishes them from the cities of the West. However, the country's original tradition and rituals are still part of Iranian way of life.